Intro to the Sermon on the Mount

Intro to the Sermon on the Mount

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The Sermon on the Mount is the greatest sermon in the history of the world. It has been translated and quoted and treasured more than any other. Before starting a thorough study, here is some information that will help you grasp the truth contained within the sermon.

Reason for Studying the Sermon

  • Matthew 5-7 archives the greatest sermon in the history of the world.
  • Jesus preached it to a mixed congregation of the disciples and the curious.
  • As Jesus gathered His growing followers together, He taught a simple yet thorough overview of how Kingdomcitizens should live.
  • Christianity is more than a mere association of rules; it is a complete dedication to a countercultural lifestyle.
  • It serves as the bridge between the Old Testament Law and the New Testament standard.
  • Jesus confronted the external trappings of legalism and prioritized the internal workings of devotion.
  • It is the first of 5 discourses in the Gospel of Matthew:
    • Discipleship: 5-7
    • Apostleship: 10
    • Revelation: 13
    • Church: 18
    • Judgment: 23-25

Conflicting Views on the Sermon

  1. Interim Ethic View – Some believe that this radical standard was used waiting for the consummate kingdom but can be dismissed since it did not arrive immediately.
  2. Classic Liberalism – This view rejected the need for redemption and highlighted the sermon as the code for a progressive society.
  3. Lutheran Orthodoxy – This view sees the standard as unattainable and points to the need for redemption.
  4. Existential Approach – This view highlights the resolve to operate from a heavenly perspective of openness to making the future better.
  5. Dispensational Approach – This sermon offered a millennial kingdom to the Jews, but when they rescinded, he took the call away and ushered in the present age of grace.
  6. Straightforward Approach – This way acknowledges the impossible nature while emphasizing the necessary standard.

The Emphases of the Sermon

  • The content of this sermon is to be the Kingdom standard in a confused culture.
  • Jesus’ words are the standard to which the disciples should ultimately strive.
  • Since we belong to Jesus, we should strive to live like Him.
  • Even if we can’t keep the standard perfectly, it doesn’t mean that we shouldn’t live trying.

Outline of the Sermon

  • 5:3-12 – The beatitudes of the disciples
  • 5:13-16 – The witness of the disciples
  • 5:17-48 – The Law and the disciples
  • 6:1-18 – The disciplines and the disciples
  • 6:19-7:12 – The priorities of the disciples
  • 7:13-27 – The path of the disciples