The Sermon on the Mount is the greatest sermon in the history of the world. It has been translated and quoted and treasured more than any other. Before starting a thorough study, here is some information that will help you grasp the truth contained within the sermon.
Reason for Studying the Sermon
- Matthew 5-7 archives the greatest sermon in the history of the world.
- Jesus preached it to a mixed congregation of the disciples and the curious.
- As Jesus gathered His growing followers together, He taught a simple yet thorough overview of how Kingdomcitizens should live.
- Christianity is more than a mere association of rules; it is a complete dedication to a countercultural lifestyle.
- It serves as the bridge between the Old Testament Law and the New Testament standard.
- Jesus confronted the external trappings of legalism and prioritized the internal workings of devotion.
- It is the first of 5 discourses in the Gospel of Matthew:
- Discipleship: 5-7
- Apostleship: 10
- Revelation: 13
- Church: 18
- Judgment: 23-25
Conflicting Views on the Sermon
- Interim Ethic View – Some believe that this radical standard was used waiting for the consummate kingdom but can be dismissed since it did not arrive immediately.
- Classic Liberalism – This view rejected the need for redemption and highlighted the sermon as the code for a progressive society.
- Lutheran Orthodoxy – This view sees the standard as unattainable and points to the need for redemption.
- Existential Approach – This view highlights the resolve to operate from a heavenly perspective of openness to making the future better.
- Dispensational Approach – This sermon offered a millennial kingdom to the Jews, but when they rescinded, he took the call away and ushered in the present age of grace.
- Straightforward Approach – This way acknowledges the impossible nature while emphasizing the necessary standard.
The Emphases of the Sermon
- The content of this sermon is to be the Kingdom standard in a confused culture.
- Jesus’ words are the standard to which the disciples should ultimately strive.
- Since we belong to Jesus, we should strive to live like Him.
- Even if we can’t keep the standard perfectly, it doesn’t mean that we shouldn’t live trying.
Outline of the Sermon
- 5:3-12 – The beatitudes of the disciples
- 5:13-16 – The witness of the disciples
- 5:17-48 – The Law and the disciples
- 6:1-18 – The disciplines and the disciples
- 6:19-7:12 – The priorities of the disciples
- 7:13-27 – The path of the disciples